In accordance published by the Stockholm international research Institute of peace (SIPRI) report on the state of the global arms trade and arms spending, in the last year of world total military expenditure the share of Russia had 4, 8%, which puts it in third place After the USA (34%) and China (12%).
Russia's military spending in 2014 increased in comparison with 2013 year 8, 1% and amounted to 84, $ 5 billion, or 4 5% of GDP." But Russia had planned This increase even before the fall in Ukraine ", - stated in the report. Due to the reduction of funds coming from the sale of oil in 2014 defense budget of the state was adjusted by 5% decrease, reports the news Agency. The U.S., with the largest military expenditures in the world (almost 3 times higher than Chinese), in 2014 reduced appropriations for the army for 6, 5%. This was done in the form of one of the measures for the battle against the budget deficit identified by the legislature in Accordance with the legislative act on budgetary control from 2011." anyway, in this area the U.S. continues to be at historically high levels, which nearly corresponds in real terms peak level of the late 80-ies, the Authors of the report. Only Military targets were spent 610 billion dollars, or 3. 5% of GDP. It is expected that in 2015, cutting the military budget will continue, But not so quickly. Upon reaching the highest volume in 2010 military expenditure fell in real terms by 19, 8%. Military spending of China kept pace with the pace of development of its economy, according to the examination results SIPRI, consistently keeping in the past decade, the percentage relative to GDP - from 2 to 2, 2%. In absolute terms, the index increased by 9, 7% and amounted to $ 216 billion. As highlighted in the report, in 2014 the cost of Ukraine increased by 23% and amounted, according to unconfirmed estimates, 4 billion." This estimate May not include All spending on the war, and the final figure to be higher, " according to the document. In 2015, Ukraine plans to double military spending. In the past year, total world spending on Military targets was equal to 1, 776 trillion dollars, which is 0, 4% less than in 2013, and amounted to in relation to global GDP 2, 4%. Already the 3rd year in a row, Military budgets tend to be reduced.
in the United States and Western Europe, Military spending has declined, But This decline was offset by growth in Eastern Europe, Asia, Oceania, Africa and the middle East. In Latin America the situation has not significantly changed. Review of the head of Department SIPRI military expenditure Sam Peyreleau-Freeman, " the increase (expenses) reflects the deterioration in international security, But In many cases it is the result of bribery, personal interests and autocratic rule ". The authors of the report emphasize that the background of the Ukrainian fall from nearby Russia, the States in Central Europe, the Baltics and Scandinavia began to increase Military budgets. In many cases there is a change in previous designs of appropriations for these purposes, changing the rate of their reduction. Saudi Arabia has established a special record, increasing the amount of spending by 17%. For fifteen of the leading in this area of the countries Is the highest. In other Western countries, This trend is manifested to a lesser extent, even despite calls from NATO for its members to spend on Military spending 2% of GDP. In Western Europe the largest expenditure on defence are France, UK, Germany, Italy and Spain. All they had intended to continue in 2015, a decrease, albeit a small amount. However, Germany has Already announced plans to increase this budget in the medium term. In March it was declared that the Russian Federation by results of trades in 2010-2014 was ranked second in the world in arms exports. Russia's share was equal during this period, 27%, and export growth of its main weapons - 37%. Russia supplied weapons in 56 countries in the world. 60% of all sales to India, China and Algeria. 66% of transactions occurred in the countries of Asia and Oceania, 12% African, and 10% to the middle East.