More than 60 million people - a record number in recorded history - had to leave their homes because of war, conflict and persecution in 2014, according to the report of the high Commissioner of the United Nations on Affairs of immigrants, released on Thursday.
According to the report, in 2014 the daily number of immigrants, displaced persons or persons in need of political asylum has increased by 42, 5 thousand people, which is four times more than in 2010.
"We are witnessing structural changes, uncontrolled transition in the era of global coverage of forced displacement, is given in the report the words of the high Commissioner for immigration Antonio Gutteres.
according to the information given in the document for the last 5 years in different regions of the world began at least fifteen new conflicts, eight of which unfolded in Africa (c?te d'ivoire, Central African Republic, Libya, Mali, North-Eastern Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Burundi), 3 in the middle East (Syria, Iraq, Yemen), one in the European Union (Ukraine), 3 in Asia (Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar and Pakistan). A few of these crises could allow, for this reason, only 126, 8 thousand people were able in 2014 to return to their homes - the minimum number of returns over the last 30 years.
"Scared that, on the one hand, increasing impunity in the unfolding conflict, and on the reverse side, the international community, seem unable to work together to end the war and over the observance of the world" - presented in the report the words of Gutterish.
according to the report, the number of displaced persons in the European Union in 2014 increased by 51% in the middle East and North Africa, 19% in Central Africa 17%, Asia 31%, in the Americas by 12%. In 2014, the Syrian Arab Republic has become a country with the highest number of displaced persons within the country (7, 6 million) and beyond (3, 88 million), the report said. It is followed by Afghanistan (2, 59 million) and Somalia (1, 1 million).