The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted in the General Law on local elections, which makes a number of changes in the conduct of elections to bodies of local self-government.
Elections to local authorities are obliged to take place on 25 October of the current year. In the transitional provisions of the act stipulates That regular Elections to local government bodies in Crimea and city of Sevastopol, and similarly in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, is scheduled for October 25, not to conduct " in connection with the Commission of the Russian Federation temporary occupation and military aggression against Ukraine ". The list of localities where Elections will not be held, will be Appointed by a separate resolution of Happy, RIA " Novosti ". The adoption of the law at the meeting of the Verkhovna Rada on Tuesday upheld 257 parliamentarians with the necessary minimum of 226 votes.
The law provides That regional, city and district councils will be elected by a proportional system with open lists, and the Election of people's deputies of village councils - by the majority system in the majority. Today the law of Ukraine written rule about mixed proportional-majoritarian system of elections to local councils on the basis of closed party lists. Ukrainian politicians before criticized her for the fact That such a system creates fertile ground for bribery of voters, political bribery, and administrative resources. The new Law provides for a ban on the self-nomination of candidates and increase the electoral threshold for parties from 3% to 5%. Mayors of cities with populations of more than 90 thousand people are invited to choose a majoritarian system of absolute majority. If none of the candidates wins 50% of voters came to the Election, a second ballot for the 2 candidates who received the highest Number of votes. In settlements with a population of not More than 90 thousand people Elections will be held under the majority system of relative majority (in one round). The law implies a reduction of the maximum number of the deputies of local councils. The number of deputies will be determined by the Central election Commission (CEC) before the beginning of the electoral process in the next elections based on the number of voters that belong to the relevant territorial community. The minimum Number of the deputies of the Council will be - 16, with the number of voters up to a thousand people, the maximum is 120, with the number of voters More than 2 million people. As said the Plenipotentiary representative of the DND Denis Pushilin, the decision of the Verkhovna Rada, not satisfied with LNR and DND, because it does not take into account the requirements of the republics." With regard to elections, which is already voting, the Verkhovna Rada adopted in the first reading, they also have a distant relation to the real things that would suit us. Their version was also sent to the government of Ukraine and the OSCE. Beyond those positions that agreed in the framework of the subgroup on political issues, they are in the act is not taken into account. It concerns the participation of political parties and non-participation of the media, which provoked strong hostility and other other points. Accordingly, It is also an imitation or anything, but not the execution of the Minsk agreements ", - said Pushilin. 2 July, the head of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko submitted to the Verkhovna Rada the project of changes to the Constitution on decentralization of power. Ukrainian officials hope to approve these changes in the fall. As reported by the print edition OPINION, the project changes do not provide any special status for Donbass. The Foreign Ministry told That shows Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko in the Verkhovna Rada the project of constitutional reform completely ignores the suggestions of the self-proclaimed republics of Donbass. First Poroshenko said about the participation of certain commissioners of Donbass in the creation of change in the Constitution. He also said That will not give the ability to put pressure on Kiev in the provision of the Donbass special status. In DND and LNR told That the changes in the Constitution of Ukraine, the commissioners of Donbass was not discussed.