The constitutional court (CC) of Ukraine on the last working day of the week will announce its opinion on the draft changes to the Constitution on decentralization of Power in the country. In case of positive decision, the project has the opportunity to be adopted by the Verkhovna Rada in the first reading at the end of the summer, the Ukrainian Authorities hope to approve the document, in General, already in autumn of the current year.
The Ukrainian Parliament at a meeting on July 16 sent a presidential draft changes to the Constitution for examination by the COP. Valaisiana has divided the ruling coalition due to the fact that the head Petro Poroshenko at the last moment made changes in the draft law. He made the initiative to move a regulation that the special status of Donbass is defined by a separate legislative act, from the draft law on introducing changes to the Constitution, as envisaged originally, right in the transitional provisions of the basic law.
Then the media wrote that Poroshenko has made concessions under pressure from Western partners, for example, at the time of the visit to Kiev was assistant Secretary of state Victoria Nuland. Fundamentally against changes made by the faction of the Radical party of Oleh Lyashko and the party " Samopomich ". However, the Parliament has turned out to make this decision due to the votes of the opposition and 2 "independent" parliamentary groups.
Part of the coalition refused to support the project Poroshenko, as, according to her vision, the transfer rules on the definition of the special status of Donbass separate legislative act in the transitional provisions of the draft Constitution threatens state sovereignty and independence of Ukraine.
According to the Minsk agreements, constitutional reform taking into account the interests of Donbass must pass before the end of 2015. The self-proclaimed authorities of Donetsk and Lugansk national republics (DND and LNR) after the Verkhovna Rada of the draft Constitution in the COP told me that He does not respond to the Minsk agreements, as Authorized republics were not involved in the work on amendments. Authorized DND and LNR demanded that the special status of Donbass was spelled out right in the Constitution, and not determined by a separate legislative act.
Proposed by the President establishes a three-tier system of local government. It is planned that the system of administrative-territorial unit will consist of regions, districts and communities, the community may contain one or several settlements of the communities. Exactly communities are encouraged to give the greatest range of opportunities and financial resources. Country representative (the prefect) is a person who is appointed and dismissed by the President upon the recommendation of the government.
in addition, According to the amendments, the President is entitled to terminate the range of capabilities of local authorities (mayors, municipal, district, regional councils) with the possibility of direct presidential appointment of the Board through the Commissioner for a period of one year. Review Poroshenko, it will enable him to respond quickly to the existence of " separatism ".
on procedure the draft changes to the Constitution is first directed to the Parliament for examination in the COP. For its part, the COP checks the draft law on congruence regulations 157 and 158 of the Constitution of Ukraine, which assume that the basic law does not have the ability to be modified if changes involve the abolition or limitation of rights and freedoms of man and citizen, or if they are aimed at liquidation of independence or violation of territorial integrity of Ukraine