Kiev finished third in 2015 and the sixth in the last 2 years the wave of the partial mobilization for military service. A fresh wave of mobilization until not planned, but the defense Ministry did not rule out that depending on the development of the situation in the East of the country have the opportunity to be declared " and the seventh and eighth, and the 9th wave ".
Kiev 2014 resorts to practice partial mobilization of reservists on a special operation in Eastern Ukraine against the self-proclaimed militia Donetsk and Lugansk national republics.
Mobilize men aged 25 to 60 years of age, have an army specialty. This need arose due to the fact that the constant Ukrainian army, after independence of the country not receiving proper payment, you were not able to conduct effective combat operations.
in the course of three waves of partial mobilization in 2014, the army took about 100 thousand people, because of this, the number of military power of Ukraine has increased from 130 thousand to 232 thousand people.
in 2015 also went through 3 waves of mobilization, the recruitment took place upon continuously. The first wave lasted From 20 January to 19 April, the second From 19 April to 19 June. The third wave was launched on 19 June, and as said Last news press Secretary of the General staff of the Ukrainian army Vladislav Seleznev, ends August 17. In parallel With the process of mobilization was the demobilization of soldiers called up in previous waves of mobilization in 2014, who served a year in the army. So, the Authorities ensure rotation of personnel.
The military did not disclose the full data about mobilization, as this information has incomplete access. We only know that in 2015 it was planned to mobilize approximately 104 thousand people, and the total strength of the army had to increase to 250 thousand.
the Ministry of defence in 2015 are faced With obstacles in mobilizing already during the first wave. Common was the evasion of military service in the most Western regions. Media reported about the departure of men of military age in the near abroad on earnings. The authorities even considered the possibility of the ban on travel abroad for male without a mark in the military, However, such a decision and Thus was not adopted. Due to the fact that military service is often avoided delivering the summons at home, Commissar even started handing the summons to people on the street.
Despite the difficulties the military leadership reported the successful completion of the first wave of mobilization according to the information of the Ministry of defense plan to call 50 thousand people has been Fully implemented. The second and the fourth wave of mobilization was held in greater secrecy, to defend unnecessary noise and panic among conscripts. The number of mobilized within the last 2 waves is not known, we only Know that they went harder first.
about This, for example, illustrates the message by the Deputy Minister of defence of Ukraine Petro mekhed, a week before the end of the third wave of mobilization was told about the execution of the plan by 50%.
The Ukrainian Authorities until not suggesting new waves of mobilization. However, mekhed has not excluded that " depending on the situation, may be, and will be a seventh and eighth and 9th waves of mobilization ".
Minsk consensus on February 12, provide for the settlement of the conflict in Donbas by 2016 through the provision beyond the control of the Kiev special status territories from Ukraine.
However, the fate of the peace plan remains unclear. The dialogues between the parties are difficult, Kiev cannot come to a consensus With the DNR and LC about the establishment of the Constitution of Ukraine the special status of Donbass and the mechanism of local elections. Have not been fully implemented regulations on the removal of the weapons, hostage rescue, the resumption of Kiev observations on the Ukrainian-Russian border.
Kiev is aware of possible negative scenarios for the development of the situation in the Donbass and looking for options to increase their military capabilities without the need to appeal to the civil war, who have to leave family and work.
With this goal in 2015 was started again, conscription in the army, abolished in the fall of 2013, shortly before the start of the special operation in the Donbass. Within 2 calls in 2015 the service is expected to call about 40 thousand conscripts.
In addition, the military leadership back to the idea of building a professional army. With an appropriate sentence because of the difficulty of mobilizing said the head of the MIA of Ukraine Arsen Avakov. According to his vision, better would be to make an army With a smaller population, but good preparation, good material and content.
Advisor to the Minister of defense Yury Biryukov criticized the proposal Avakov said that the transition to a contract can not afford Ukraine, as This would have cost about 100 billion hryvnia (about 4. 5 billion dollars) a year, whereas the budget of the Ministry of defence for 2015 is about 40 billion hryvnia (about 1, 8 billion dollars)." It would have cost 100 billion a year to have a professional army, where the proportion of contract servicemen is saved 60/40", he said.