Russian space Agency decided to go back to the idea of using reusable carriers for launching satellites into orbit. An analogue of such a project is considered domestic ship "Buran".
Roscosmos in the draft Federal space program (BFC) for 2016-2025 planned the creation of space rocket complex with reusable booster light class at the cosmodrome East. As informs the newspaper "Izvestia", it is about promising the rocket, including a winged first stage, after which branch from disposable 2nd stage is returned to the launch area.
Funding for the project is expected to commence in 2021. Just to create a new "Burana" by 2025 it is planned to spend 12.5 billion rubles. Testing is expected to begin in 2025.
The missile will deal with the Khrunichev Center, which in 2001 had proposed her idea, and in 2011 has already received from Roscosmos 250 million rubles for the preparation of the project design. In 2013, the Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute named after Zhukovsky (TSAGI) upon request of the Center Khrunichev research was carried out landing data returned winged block, made in the form layout.
The press service of TSAGI was then published in the form of aerodynamic layout, which was held testing. Professionals he is reminded of the famous space shuttles Space Shuttle and Buran. In all of this tells us that the study of the complex with the reusable launch vehicle may not preserve the features of those shuttles.
Reusable system asked to create for the purpose of cheapening the price of launching a payload into orbit. Russian system "Energia-Buran", the American Space Shuttle was a reusable launch facilities spacecraft into orbit. In the 1980s, the "Energy" rocket was launched twice, 1 of which together with the ship "Buran". Both run successfully.