International law and domestic law allow the Investigating Committee (IC) of Russia to investigate criminal cases involving military lawlessness in the South-East of Ukraine, to the report submitted Thursday to the head of Department Alexander Bastrykin.
Bastrykin on Thursday held a meeting on combating violations of the rights of civilians in the South-East of Ukraine in the course of armed conflict. At the meeting Bastrykin reported that the RF IC investigates 54 criminal cases of war crimes against civilians in southeastern Ukraine. To responsibility under the criminal code involved 30 persons, among them a number of senior political and military leadership.
As reported to the Minister, the result of a detailed Question of jurisdiction of the Russian Federation concerning the investigation of these acts. Determined that the rules of international humanitarian law, give every reason for Russia to exercise its universal jurisdiction in the investigation of this category of cases.
"In other words, excitation of criminal cases on genocide, as well as the criminal prosecution against the persons from the highest political and military leadership of Ukraine of the Investigative Department of the Russian Federation is a legitimate and justified from the standpoint of Russian law (part 3 of article 12 of the criminal code), and from the perspective of the norms of international law ", - is informed in the document.
Under international humanitarian law, countries are obliged to find and attract To justice those responsible for gross violations of the Geneva conventions of 1949 and Additional protocols I and II thereto of 1977 or in any other way responsible for war iniquities, and to prosecute such persons or extradite them for trial in another state.
"Ukraine has not carried out any investigation about the numerous breaches of international law and war crimes, the Question on bringing To responsibility under the criminal code of the perpetrators is not," believe in the RF IC.
The Ukrainian authorities in April last year began military action against the self-proclaimed LNR and DND. According to the summary data of the UN, the victims of the conflict began more than 6, 8 thousand people. The settlement of the situation in the Donbass is discussed, as well as among them, during meetings in Minsk contact group, which since September of last year already took 3 of the document governing the steps to de-escalate the conflict.