Dialogues "channel four" on the level of foreign Ministers in Berlin showed progress obgovarivaya issues of ceasefire and establishing a political process in Ukraine, But breakthroughs in the peace settlement should Not wait until the summit of the leaders of the 4 countries, according to polled Last news professionals.
yesterday in Berlin were the dialogues of Ministers of foreign Affairs of the countries "channel four" (Russia, Germany, France, Ukraine). The host of the meeting, Minister for foreign Affairs of Germany Frank-Walter Steinmeier told reporters that although the guarantees of Ukrainian settlement no, He says "relieved" that the conversation was " No more confrontational than last time ", the ceasefire is recognized as effective and is welcomed by all parties.
According to the German Minister, a large part of the conversation of the Ministers of foreign Affairs related to the process of political settlement. He said that the parties "have made significant progress" in these matters. The head of the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation S. V. Lavrov, for his part, said that the Russian Federation, France and Germany believe can be overcome discrepancies in political matters, such as approval of local elections. He expressed the hope that the issue of harmonization of the local elections will be decided No later than 2 October (this date is scheduled summit "channel four" in Paris).
Ukrainian political scientist, Director of the Institute of global strategies Vadim Karasev believes that the main outcome of the meeting that was documented consensus about the truce that it was " more or less persistent, stable ", and to continue the withdrawal of weapons.
specialist skeptically assessed the possibility to solve the issue of holding elections to October 2, as stated Lavrov.
"Hardly until October 2, has the ability to be agreed a new date for elections under the Ukrainian legislation within DND and LNR, and most importantly the law under which these elections will Be held. For this we need a separate law - and by date, and on technical aspects of the elections. Not quite a real date, " said Karasev.
according to his vision, to find a Final solution on this and other issues of settlement in the Donbass will be possible only after the meeting "channel four" at the highest level, until breakthroughs in the settlement should Not wait.
"The final characteristics of the armistice and its transformation into the world and a final decision on elections in local authorities, according to Ukrainian legislation, the issue of enforcement of the law on special self-government on the territory of Donetsk and Lugansk regions will Be after the Normandy four meeting at the presidential level," said the analyst.
Deputy Director of the CIS Institute Vladimir Zharikhin evaluates the results of the negotiations with cautious optimism.
"For optimists Is a poor result. For pessimists Is more than They expected, so This is serious progress and part of the agreement for the withdrawal of weapons that constitute a continuation of the fragile truce, and the yield on the understanding that political points of agreements there are problems that need to discuss and find a consensus, " he said.
"currently, Ukraine eventually admitted that there are problems. On the basis of the positions They occupy, political issues, ranging from elections, it is impossible to solve. Are dialogues, They will have to go to a consensus, " He added.
explaining made statements about the need for a speedy withdrawal of weapons with a calibre of 100 millimetres and approval in the near future modalities of elections, Zharikhin said that promotion in obgovarivaya these issues, " begins to dispel the doubts that the Minsk agreement will be executed ".
the expert expressed regret that he had Not heard a consensus on economic issues, such as the restoration of the activities of credit organizations within DND and LNR, delivery of pensions and benefits public employees.
Deputy Director of the Center of Ukrainian studies and Belorussii MSU Bogdan Bezpalko evaluates dialogues "channel four" is No less restrained.
"First and foremost is that the conversations continue. They show that trying to find a way out of the impasse in which it has appeared at some point. But still, it remains controversial. Most importantly, This concerns the elections in the Donbass ", - He said.
The specialist said that all parties expressed " very carefully their desire to address this issue." Somehow He believes that by 2 October to remove the contradictions election will Not work and dialogues on this issue will continue until polling day in the DPR (18 October).
"If it came to a compromise (agreement on elections), we would have already told yesterday. As long as the issue of elections is closely linked to the implementation of the Minsk agreements. This is a key point that shows the failure of the Minsk agreements, rather that Ukraine does Not fulfill their ", - explained the expert.