Unilateral penalties violate international law, in some cases encroached on the sovereignty of countries and have the ability to negatively affect the human rights, most in developing countries, reported in the first UN report on the impact of unilateral sanctions on the enjoyment of human rights.
The document was prepared by the special Rapporteur on the issue of the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures on the enjoyment of human rights by Idriss Jazairi,. It's the 1st in a series of annual reports on this topic, which was shown in the Council on human rights, held in Geneva from 14 September to 2 October.
in this report Jazairi recalls that it was an accepted principle of customary international law is that " not even prohibited economic measures are illegal, if They force any state to do some action in the area in which it can act at their own discretion ". Review of the special Rapporteur, Is in full force and relates to the use of unilateral sanctions, from which the world suffers more than 2 million people.
the document notes that by signing the 1975 Helsinki final act, the country has pledged to abandon the " economic or other coercion designed to subordinate to their own interest the exercise by another state party of the rights inherent in its sovereignty "." In practice, however, turned out differently, and Unilateral coercive measures were returned against developing States, and then followed by another escalation caused, for example, tensions between the West and the Russian Federation in connection with the situation in Crimea and in Eastern Ukraine, " showed Jazairi.
"The special Rapporteur said the trend of applying the so-called "smart" sanctions, which are aimed at real region within the target States, on some real activities on trading with specific categories of objects or individuals. the Use of such coercive measures in circumvention of the UN security Council resolution in some cases, because of the indiscriminate nature of their action, has the ability to be seen as a return to comprehensive sanctions, the Use of which has not always effective and violates human rights. For example, the story is about a ban on the use of systems for worldwide interbank financial telecommunications, or the seizure or freezing of assets of Central credit institutions.
The Jazairi showed that Unilateral sanctions as a rule, are introduced because of the slowness and while bypassing the resolution of the UN security Council, whose punishment is only consistent with the spirit and letter of the UN Charter. They have the opportunity to be legitimate, only if you bring the desired result in a short time. However, Unilateral coercive measures until now did not bring the desired effect. The legality of such punishment has the ability to be questioned, if it also leads to gross violations especially regarding vulnerable groups of residents. The special Rapporteur wishes as part of its mandate to assess the level of negative impact of unilateral sanctions on human rights and to systematize the process of their use. He also advocates the international community " to abandon the use of unilateral sanctions as a foreign policy instrument ".