On the last working day of the week, November 20, marks 70 years since the Nuremberg trial of the major war criminals of Germany.
international military Tribunal at Nuremberg was established on the initiative of the USSR, the USA, great Britain And France in order to investigate the lawlessness of the leadership of Nazi Germany. After almost a year of proceedings, the court handed down 12 death sentences, and also admitted criminal organizations SD, the Gestapo, the National socialist German party (NSDAP) And SS.
the anniversary of the start of the process in Nuremberg will host the International conference " the Nuremberg principles 70 years later: new challenges ", in which will participate famous historians, politicians And public figures from a number of countries in the world. The forum participants will discuss the relevance of the Nuremberg legacy for contemporary realities. Russian Federation at the Symposium will be presented by the delegation of the international peace Fund's Association led by its Chairman, the repeated world champion on chess Anatoly Karpov.
The international community should consider the experience of the Nuremberg trials to search for an international compromise in order to combat common threats, said Karpov in conversation with Last news .
"of course, 70 years ago, there occurred a unique historical event, when the leaders of countries with different political And economic unit was able to come to a common vision And to hold an international court," said Karpov.
according to his statement, although not all States from the very beginning occupied the same position in relation to the rules of the Tribunal, in the end they could agree that the punishment of war of bandits obliged to undergo during the legal decisions, not through a willful decision of the winners.
"This decision on a global level can serve as an example in the present time because the world situation is very tense International situation became tense, And relations between countries are not so simple, but the General Danger of terrorism should lead to an intelligent understanding of the situation," drew the attention of the carp.
according to him, the latest developments show once again about the Fact that the key task of the world leaders at present is the search for such a unified position.
"What happened in Turkey, in Paris, terrorist attack from a Russian plane over the Sinai I suppose it Is bound to bring leaders to a common position. You need to understand that today the humanity is one big enemy, " says Karpov.
Speaking about the legacy of the Nuremberg Tribunal, a British political Scientist And the member of the Institute of democracy And cooperation John Lackland emphasized that in the social memory of the process associated mainly with the punishment of Nazi leaders for numerous murders, however, in the opinion of the analyst, Nuremberg was another important value that is relevant And at the present time.
"We remember Nuremberg as the process that condemned the Nazis for iniquities against humanity, but It was not the main crime with which they were charged," - said the expert.
"it is very important to remember, what was the Nuremberg trials. In the 1st turn, he was obliged to investigate iniquities against peace - the attack of one country on others, " said Lochland.
The analyst said that the condemnation of that iniquity in Nuremberg largely laid the international rules of conduct that apply in our day.
"The Nuremberg And Tokyo tribunals - It's fifty percent from that process, the second part of which was the development of the UN," said Lochland.
"A key feature of the UN Is that no state has the right to attack another state. This is the legacy of Nuremberg, " concluded the expert.
The prospects for revision of the results of the Nuremberg trials in light of the emerging part of the trend to rewrite history, says a leading researcher at the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences Igor Maksimychev.
"I don't think, because It would be so, although efforts are being made in this direction," - drew the attention of a specialist.
review Maksimychev, to cast doubt on the results of the Nuremberg equivalent of attacking the foundations of the modern world." Nuremberg - he is one, And that the Nuremberg process Is the Foundation of the present world, the basis of the legal system that exists in the world today. And if We suppose that the solution of Nuremberg will be subject to an audit review, We will deliver a blow to the whole current world ", - noted the expert.
explaining the attempts of glorification of Nazism in the Baltic States And Ukraine, and the demolition of Soviet monuments in Poland, Maksimychev said that the history itself will punish those who are trying to rewrite.
"in the end, they will be punished by history for such an attitude because they try to revise history, to remake, to rewrite, distort it beyond recognition. When seemingly all the options to distort And mock it, history will take revenge, " - said the expert.
"in the end it turned out that with Russia it is better to be friends than to quarrel. And I think they will Need again to revise history. Let's hope, " Maksimychev.