100 years the largest city in the Arctic circle - Murmansk. Founded by Emperor Nicholas II, he became Russia's Outpost in the Arctic. During the great Patriotic war the port never stops. Today Murmansk is the most important sea transport centre in the North of the country.
The history of the city began with an inset plaque of a temple in honor of St. Nicholas. The Imperial mandate dated 4 Oct 1916, new style. Romanov-on-Murman was destined to become the last city of the Russian Empire. Six months after the February revolution, Murmansk has received its present name. The defence of Murmansk in the great Patriotic war - a special page in the history of the city. Not being able to attack from the ground, the Germans decided to burn him from the air. More bombs than Murmansk, only got Stalingrad.
Recovery of Murmansk has become a priority of the state. It is the Soviet government allocated more than 100 million rubles. Legendary song about a friend also from the Soviet era, which was a place and feats of labor. That's what the first film collaboration of Director George Danelia and composer Andrey Petrov "the path to the dock," which was filmed in Murmansk in the 60-ies. Promenade, which marched the heroes of the film, for the anniversary of Murmansk began to sparkle with new colors. With the updated dock, all the passengers get into the new building of the marine station. It was refurbished but has retained its historical appearance. One of the main gifts for the anniversary of Murmansk was rebuilt the bypass road, which, avoiding traffic jams, you can quickly get to any point of the city.
Murmansk is also the main gate of Russia in the Arctic. Here is based the only Russian nuclear icebreaker fleet. As 100 years ago, Murmansk remains a city of contrasts. The city where Northern lights, a seemingly ordinary phenomenon, but which everyone is so happy.