In Russia the Day of the Space forces. 59 years ago, was launched on 1 artificial Earth satellite. Management was carried out of the main test space center. Today it is the largest complex of monitoring of the Russian orbital grouping.
Today, the Russian orbital group consists of about 130 spacecraft. Ground station command and measuring system, "Taman-base" continuously monitors the satellites. A network of ground measurement stations appeared in 1957 to control the world's first artificial Earth satellite. 3 months in orbit the satellite has made about 1,5 thousand orbits around the planet. After a few years the Soviet Union first sent into space and man.
Today, orbiting the Earth thousands of artificial objects: satellites communications, navigation, and military devices. From Schelkovo controlled and the navigation system GLONASS. Signal to the processing center receives via the telemetry antenna. To track numerous objects in the sky helps a powerful telescope. This unique quantum optical system designed to measure the distance dokosmicheskoy devices. With the help of this telescope are carried out all the work. The main advantage of the system is minimal error in the measurements: only 2-3 cm, while the objects are at a distance of 36 thousand kilometers from earth.