Unique artificial skin developed at the Institute of biology RAS. It is grown using special nanomaterials from donor tissue. The invention successfully passed all tests. In Russia in transplants of skin need annually about half a million people.
The researchers ran solve one of the major challenges of regenerative medicine - growing skin from human cells. The method of Russian scientists allows to increase the piece of cloth the size of 1 square centimeter in a thousand times. Artificial epidermis develop at the Institute of developmental biology. Of nanomaterials will create a 3-dimensional design, echoing the structure of the skin. And fill it with living cells, grown in vitro.
This living fabric helps to treat severe wounds, burns of the 4th degree, trophic ulcers. Material restores tissue of the eye, throat, gums. In the experimental programme involved 6 patients Federal clinics. According to doctors, the transplant works with 99% efficiency. Such assistance every year in Russia are in need of 500 thousand people. Artificial skin can be created, taking a biopsy from the patient. But you can use donor material grown from cells of another person. Scientists propose to create banks of such grafts for victims of disasters. They can be stored for long in liquid nitrogen, with a solution developed at the Institute.
Artificial leather will be the 1st innovative product that will receive state registration after the entry into force of the law on stem cell technology 1 Jan. such developments in Russia, about 30. Early biologists and geneticists could only create new products for cell therapy and rare to conduct experimental program with the consent of the patients.