NASA has announced an exciting opening with a spacecraft, observing Saturn and Enceladus, and Opeteron - Europe. Equipment on the Cassini space probe has discovered some of the conditions necessary for life on both planets.
Cassini passed through the plume, breaking through the icy surface oceans of Enceladus. Plumes were also observed using the Hubble space telescope, cutting through solid ice surface Europa's ocean. Previous thermal measurements by the spacecraft Galileo showed that the last plumes of Europe appeared directly over a hot spot in the ocean of the moon. We can conclude that these plumes come from-for strong eruptions on the ocean floor.
Scientists have discovered life near the points of deep ocean eruptions. For a long time it was believed that the environment at such great depths is too cold and hostile to support life. But it turns out that the eruption provide enough heat to support "extremophilic" microorganisms - life where we never thought it can exist. It is therefore reasonable to expect that the same thing could happen on other planets.
Cassini has detected Escalade hydrogen, carbon dioxide, methane and other chemical substances. The hydrogen and carbon dioxide in water can support the metabolic process known as "methanogenesis".
In this process, the microorganism uses carbon dioxide and hydrogen to produce energy and methane as a byproduct. Thus, despite the fact that Cassini has not found life itself, the data show that there are some preconditions for the possible emergence of living organisms.
Even more exciting is the fact that these observations were made in our Solar system. This step predicts that the conditions for life probably exist in many places in the Universe.