Create a national centre of grain, which will develop new crops and to monitor the effectiveness of existing varieties. Be based center will be in Krasnodar, in the Institute name Lukyanenko.
The creation of a new variety starts with handmade every flower in the ear. To pollinate them manually, and once - in insulator. Around 200 thousand breeding elites. Each row is a separate genotype, is capable of becoming a new variety. But such a fate ILSI units from this set. Plant agronomists are harsher than nature. Infect, inhibit, Freeze up to -30 or warm under the blazing artificial sun to get stable seeds.
This year the Krasnodar research Institute. Lukyanenko celebrates the centenary adopts colleagues and partners from dozens of countries around the world. The scale of breeding and seed production are striking. In the work of more than 80 varieties of grain demand in Russia and abroad. This can be called the gold reserve, the General Bank. There are 100 thousand samples, all of the genetic Fund of the Institute, which can be stored for 20 years and even after that to sprout. The Institute is on average about 40 years old, 15% are young people.
Usually the sort of lives a few years. Climate change, new diseases, and need to come up with a new variety. 99% of fields in Krasnodar region sown with wheat breeding Institute. Lukyanenko. Any bun or bread sold in the shop, baked from grain, created by scientists of the Institute. they bake their own bread. This is the final exam, which passes each variety.
The decision is already made of giving the Krasnodar research Institute. The response to the status of National centre of grain.