The launch of spacecraft "Bion-M" No. 2 is expected in 2020, the scientific programme will be agreed by September.
Roscosmos finished a contract With rocket and space center "Progress" on the development of the spacecraft to provide opportunities for biomedical experiments "Bion-M" No. 2.
"as long as even the Federal space program is not approved, but the project launch of the "Bion" was planned for 2020." Bion " ¹3 will fly in 2025. This is as long as the project, but hopefully the timing will remain ", - transfers words of the Deputy Director of the Institute of medico-biological issues RAS, Moscow, Russia Vladimir Sychev news Agency. He said that work on the project began last year. At the beginning of winter was Appointed an indicative list of the equipment that has the ability to be approved on Board of the spacecraft, in the form of the parent organization on the establishment of scientific programmes and selection of complex scientific equipment approved by the IBMP. In addition, in April of the current year was approved by the Interdepartmental Commission, which will select research and experiments in the scientific program of the "Bion-M" No. 2. In 2016 must be made additions to the conceptual design for a Space complex "Bion-M" No. 2. 2017 will go the main funding for the development of apparatus and instruments for research. In 2019, the entire complex must be checked in Samara Rocket space center " Progress ". The spacecraft "Bion-M" No. 2 will launch into space in 2020. The new spacecraft will travel more than 70 mice and other biological objects. Vladimir Sychev explained that the increase in the number of animals is due to several factors. So, presumably 10-15% of the mice will die. In addition, scientists need to spend a certain influence on them even before the flight is to introduce certain medications, delete the vestibular system and So on." The more such groups, which will have a modification before the flight, the more different options studies, " said Sychev. In addition to mice into space will go flies Drosophila, which did not fly on the first biosatellite. The main task of scientists – repeat "Bion-M" No. 1 in the new environment. The orbit of the spacecraft will be at a height of 1 thousand km, which in practice is 2 times higher Than that of the first model and 2. 5 times higher than the orbit of the ISS." Bion-M "No. 2 will be located within the radiation belts of the Earth, but despite This, the level of radiation the current orbit will be 10 times higher in comparison With the first" Bion "." We wish to obtain data, such as the one We took on the first " Bone ", to compare the changes that occur in the body of different animals and other biological objects, With the results of the first "Bion" to view, gives the contribution of the radiation component, " explained Sychev. Because of this, on the 2nd machine also experiments in Microbiology and exobiology (the science that studies the origin, evolution and distribution of life In the Universe – approx. OPINION). Remember that 1st "Bion-M" was launched into orbit on 19 April 2013 and landed a month later near Orenburg. In the cabin of the apparatus in space visited mice, Mongolian gerbils, geckos, snails, plants and colonies of different microorganisms. During the flight was conducted 30 experiments in the program post-flight studies were included 79 scientific experiments developed by Russian scientists together with specialists from Ukraine, France, Italy, Germany, USA and South Korea.