The winners of the Nobel prize in chemistry in 2015 become Thomas Lindahl, Paul Mondry and Aziz sancar. An honorary award they won for the discovery of DNA excision repair and the mechanism that cells use to regenerate.
As said the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, responsible for the award, in the current quarter, the Nobel prize in chemistry awarded for research on the regeneration of damaged DNA. Swede Thomas Lindahl, working in England, as well as conducting research on the territory of the United States American Paul Modric and scholar of Turkish origin Aziz sancar was able to demonstrate how cells correct mistakes that occur during DNA replication during the division.
"Their work has given a thorough knowledge of the functions of living cells and, for example, their use in new methods of combating cancer," said Nobel Committee. Scientists were able to "at the molecular level to show how the cells restore damaged DNA and keep genetic information".
Reparation - special function cells contained in the ability to correct chemical defects and breaks in DNA molecules that occur during normal biosynthesis or the result of the influence of physical or chemical agents. "Defects in our DNA occur day after day, - explained the Chairman of the Nobel Committee for chemistry Sarah Snogerup Lins. If they remained uncorrected, our genetic material at the moment would be loosely similar to the one that was in the 1-cell of our body".
In 2015 the award ceremony will be held traditionally on 10 December - the day of death of Nobel prize founder, Swedish entrepreneur and inventor Alfred Nobel. The amount of the award, as in the past 2 years is 8 million Swedish kronor. In connection with the weakening of the Swedish currency, this amount for the first time in 15 years will be less than 1 million dollar and approximately 953 thousand dollars.
sections: Society, World News