Excavations which scientists of Institute of archeology Russian Academy of Sciences are in charge, in place of the demolished hotel " Russia ", the first time for the last 7 years have brought a unique discovery – Moscow birch bark letter, said on the last working day of the week at the Institute of archaeology.
"Especially significant, extremely rare and important for the capital of Russia find was a letter, written on the paper made from the bark of birch trees, i.e. birch-bark. It will certainly give us a lot of new information about the life of the medieval capitals of Russia ", - said the head of excavations – head of the Department of archaeology of the capital of Rus IA RAS Leonid Belyaev, reports the news Agency.
"Found certificate – fourth (in Moscow – approx. OPINION). But in a sense This is the first genuine diploma that meets the " standard of Novgorod ". It is a private letter written, letter by letter, book distinct handwriting of the XIVth century, on a specially prepared strip of birch bark ", – said Belyaev. According to his statement in the letter is it about a bad trip "Kostroma" the man whose name remains unknown. The text mentions, its linguistic and literary properties study for linguists. In the capital of Russian birchbark manuscripts found until the end of the twentieth century. Only in 1988 the Institute of archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences found in the resurrection passage birch bark ribbon * scrap of a draft or copy of a document about land ownership. Almost 20 years later during excavations In the leadership of the Russian Federation in 2007 found two letters. One carried the inscription is small and not very distinct, on the contrary the second, written in ink (usually birch bark wrote pisalem metal), was unusually long and incorporates interesting document – an inventory of the property of a feudal Lord in the service of the Prince of Moscow, Turbee. Remember, at the end of September, the archaeologists found in the center of the capital of Russia in the area of the demolished hotel "Russia" the oldest street in one version of the XII century. In July, during excavations in the ancient city of Vologda for the first time archaeologists found birch-bark letter with legible inscriptions. So, Vologda became the 13th city in which were found ancient Russian birchbark manuscripts. The vast number of such documents was found in Veliky Novgorod – 1064, 45 – in Staraya Russa, Torzhok – 19, in Smolensk – 16, Pskov, – eight, in Tver – five, in the capital of Russia and in Ukrainian Zvenigorod Galitsky – 3, two in Belarusian Mstislavl, one – of Old Ryazan, Nizhny Novgorod and the Belarusian Vitebsk.