How did the matter in the Universe where new galaxies? The answers to these issues, Russian scientists hope to find using the latest space telescope "Spektr-RG".
Study dark matter, gravity, testing the theories of Einstein is only part of the scientific program of the space Observatory "Spektr-RG". The most complicated machine designed at NPO Lavochkin, passes the last test. Launch is planned next year.
The unit includes 2 telescope - Russian and German. At a distance of 1.5 million km from Earth, they will explore the Universe in x-rays and gamma ranges. Sources of such radiation - supermassive black holes. You can even find out in what conditions they were formed. Watching the stars with spacecraft series "Spectrum", astrophysics plan to open new clusters of galaxies. And, perhaps, to understand what formed the matter in the Universe. "Spektr-RG" - second unit in the project space Observatory. The first - "Spektr-R" was launched 5 years ago. He entered the Guinness Book of records as the largest radio telescope in orbit. With its help, scientists were able to capture the magnetic field of a black hole. And in the substance that surrounds it, found the water. To understand where that will help the third incarnation of the "Spectrum". The telescope that will examine galaxies in ultraviolet light, now design engineers.
"Spectrum-UV" will go into space in 2021. It will become a major source of scientific observations and will replace the American "Hubble". Astrophysicists from 19 countries will see the mysteries of the Universe in the mirror of Russian telescope.