The UN Security Council passed resolution Russia, which offered to leave one transition on the border of Syria For cross-border delivery of humanitarian aid to the country.
for the document voted four members of the Security Council, against - 7 abstained - four.
For the delivery of humanitarian aid to Syria until today used two crossings of Turkey - " Bab El-Hawa and Bab-es-Salam ". The mandate of this checkpoint was to expire on 10 July, therefore For further work the Council was obliged to adopt the resolution.
before Russia and China vetoed two solutions Belgium and Germany, involving the extension of the 2 border crossings, not one.
in the Russian decision, a copy of which is available to the Last news , it was said that the mechanism of cross-border delivery of humanitarian aid created as a temporary measure in 2014. According to the text of the UN security Council campaigning for all parties to provide a reliable and worthy humanitarian assistance to Syria in 2020.
the draft says that the UN security Council decides to extend the work of the border crossing "Bab-El-Hawa" for the year.
it also reports that the security Council expresses serious concern at the humanitarian situation in the Syrian Arab Republic, for example in connection with the negative impact of unilateral coercive measures relative to Damascus. The text says that they are putting in danger the access of Syria to medicines and medical care needed To combat the pandemic coronavirus.
in addition, according to the text of the UN security Council asks Secretary-General to submit a report on the direct and indirect effects of unilateral coercive measures imposed on Syria, to its socio-economic situation and humanitarian supplies from abroad.
the report, which shall be displayed not later than 31 August, must also contain an analysis of the impact of coercive measures on economic and humanitarian cooperation between the Syrian government and member States of the UN.
Mode simplified the delivery of humanitarian and medical aid to Syria from neighbouring countries (in the 1st turn across the border with Turkey) through the front lines and the border crossings since July 2014. This mechanism has been extended every year. In the framework of humanitarian UN agencies and their partners had the right to use the routes through the confrontation lines and four border crossing points: "Bab-es-Salam ", "Bab El-Hawa" (both on the border of Syria and Turkey), "El Arabia" (border with Iraq) and "al-Ramtha" (border with Jordan).
As the Syrian army began to take under observation all the more territories, Damascus and Moscow began to advocate a phasing out of the operation of border crossings. As stated by Russian and Syrian parties, and Now humanitarian assistance must be delivered in areas across the territory of Syria, and not with neighboring countries.
in January, the UN security Council extended the Mandate of only 2 checkpoints on the border line with Turkey." El Arabiya and al-Ramtha " ceased to function during the mechanism of cross-border delivery of humanitarian aid. It's extremely not satisfied with Western partners in the security Council.
Russia's permanent representative to the UN, Vasily Nebenzia said that the mechanism of cross-border delivery of humanitarian aid was conceived As a temporary emergency measure that the security Council is blessed to provide humanitarian support to the conflict-ridden country. Now, According to the Ambassador, the time has come to gradually phase out this mechanism in order to replace it with humanitarian supplies that will be carried out in Accordance with the principles outlined in the decisions of the UN General Assembly 46/182.