A group of senators submitted to the state Duma a draft law on the reform of adoption rules and systems custody of children, said in a press release.
The authors of the document - the chief of the interim Commission of the Federation Council on preparation of proposals on improvement of the Family code, Elena Mizulina, and senators Yelena Afanasyeva, Alexander Bashkin, Rimma galushina, Maxim Kavdzharadze and Lyudmila Narusova.
So, At the entry of the document into force, to forcibly separate a child from parents will only be possible as a result of the court decision on deprivation of parental rights, " or their restriction of the judicial bailiff-executor With the participation of the guardianship and of the person to receive the child."
Also stipulates the priority right of the families of the relatives for adoption.
In addition, senators have proposed the requirement for mandatory joint adoption of the siblings.
The guardianship will be able to depart from this rule, if children do not have the opportunity to live and grow up together for health.
While adoptees will have the right to communicate with their brothers and sisters and know where they live.
Authorities will be required to take into account the opinion of a child ten years or older When making decisions about the transfer of temporary custody, for example, in the case of detention of a parent or emergency hospitalization unconscious.
"in such situations, the child is transferred to relatives or other close persons to the child in the absence of parents, and only When this is not possible, to a specialized Agency, which is obliged immediately to return the child to parents on their first request," indicate the Authors of the document.
similarly, in cases where the parents for a valid reason have the ability to perform their duties, for example, because of illness or a long trip, they will be able to assign the child to any guardian, they will not be able to refuse.
In addition, Employees of bodies of guardianship will not be able to enter the property to check the conditions of residence of the child without the consent of tenants.
In addition, the draft law prohibits to return the children to the orphanage 3 years after adoption.
Also, to adopt children it will be impossible to persons who had a sex change.