" as long as it is not clear what is behind the program of restoration of the economy of Donbass, developed by the Ukrainian government together with partners from the European Union. In fact it has the ability to be embodied in reality, it's hard to say ", said Today, on 20 June, in an interview to the journalist of the news Agency Ukrainian economist Yuri Makogon.
" It's not only take jobs that were created in the Donbass. Given that the area of the region affected by the fighting, residents suffer, suffer enterprise suffers infrastructure. Small business halved its own volume. It is necessary, above all, to fulfill the consensus to stop the fire, to proceed to the negotiation process. Then recovers jobs and small, and big business, As Today, the collapse of economic activity caused by the military confrontation on the area of 2 regions and in General in Ukraine, " said Makogon.
according to him, in the Donbass need to restore a previously created jobs, and Then work to create the new." Disrupted traffic on road and rail traffic, do not operate the airports. Closed the offices of many international organizations, and among them SCM. According to our assumptions Small business in the Donetsk region has reduced turnover by 2 times. For the last 5 months of 2014 in 2 times decreased the turnover between Ukraine and the Russian Federation due to the fact that at the border do not work checkpoints, border does not work. First you have to set in order the things that were well and Then create a fresh jobs. Who is against?", questioned specialist.
Makogon believes that the 1, 5 billion Euro are to be granted to Ukraine from the Fund of the EU countries may be sufficient, in the best case, to restore damaged in the fighting infrastructure." 1, 5 billion Euro money, of course, serious. But it is in the best case will help to restore the destroyed infrastructure. See earlier in the spring and summer in Donbass was busy roads. This year did nothing. Euro 2012 money has gone much more. It is quite difficult to measure. For example, the volume of foreign trade activities of the Donetsk region exceeds this figure by 10 times. What can we say? Investments are needed money to help ", - noticed Makogon.
the expert tried to persuade the Ukrainian government to actively work on the restoration of economic cooperation with the Russian Federation." Today it is important to go through two stages - negotiation and dialogue. For example, at the first stage must be dialogues On the transfer of powers to the regions, establishment of new relations between the centre and 2 regions (Donetsk and Lugansk). Then must go through a dialogue of the authorities with external partners to restore in full the foreign economic relations of Ukraine. If our relations with the EU, Southeast Asia, America, the Middle East and North Africa are not in conflict with evrointegratsii, We also need to restore the Eastern vector. Today, our Eastern, Western and southern vector need to be reset. on 27 June in Brussels, the head of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko will take part in the signing of the economic part of the agreement On Union with the EU. Ukraine has more than one third of exports to the Russian Federation. We need and this vector to support a new level of relations, beginning with the restoration of order in the country and further transfer it to the development of Russian-Ukrainian economic cooperation, " said Makogon.
He Also positively assessed the consent of Kiev to leave in the regions 25% tax deduction on profits." 25% - a good figure, But it should be viewed differentially related to the contribution of the Donetsk region. Throwing in this figure corresponds to the economic realities, because our contribution to GDP of Ukraine is determined at the level of 14%. We still by 10%, there is overpopulation. These figures need to turn this into a specific configuration of application, to paint needs. We have a difficult coal industry, high utilization of the railway, port, roads, border. Each region of Ukraine has its own specifics, " concluded Makogon.
As reported by the news Agency, yesterday, the head of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko met with authorized " business and economic circles " of Donetsk and Lugansk regions. This meeting will Poroshenko said that the recovery of the economy of Donbass Together with partners from the European Union " has developed the program of creation of workplaces in the East of Ukraine, with the prospect of investments and project on economic restoration of the region. For realization of the program " some countries " have agreed to make the Fund in the amount of 1, 5 billion Euro. Also the Manager believes that the part of national taxes must be in the possession of the local authorities." for example, 25% of tax deductions for profit must be to be a stimulating factor ", - noted He.