The level of media freedom worldwide has experienced a sharp decline in 2014, according to a published report, international non-governmental organization " reporters sans fronti?res (Reporters Without Borders).
As emphasized in the document, two-thirds of 180 countries for which research has been showed worse results than in the previous few years. Partly this is driven by increased activity of extremist groups, as well as among them "Islamic countries" and " Boko Haram ", information warfare and pressure on the media from different non-governmental groups, according to the document.
The list of countries in the chart "media freedom" 3rd year in a row, led by Finland, then in the "five" of leaders of Norway, Denmark, Netherlands, Sweden. Ukraine, where with weapons of conflict, takes 129th place. Russia in the chart stands at 152 with the human rights organization criticized the Russian authorities for propaganda on TV during the coverage of the Ukrainian fall and for "putting pressure on the independent media," says the report.
U.S. list ranks 49th, however, " reporters without borders said that the freedom of the media has fallen in the country by 3 points. For reviews of human rights defenders in the United States there are problems with the security correspondents under the Federal protection program. Human rights activists also said such negative facts As detention fifteen correspondents in demonstrations related to death while the police officer's arrest of a black Teenager Michael brown, Ferguson, and an embarrassment to the journalist, the new York times in the case of the trial of a former employee of the CIA, secret data divulged.
The last space in the list are occupied by Turkmenistan, North Korea and Eritrea, where there are "systematic violations of freedom of expression and information," the report said.