First, since the beginning of the armed conflict in the Donbass demobilization will begin on Wednesday in Ukraine and will last until may 1: All will be demobilized 35, 3, thousands of security forces who have served in the army for almost a year.
Mobilization in the Ukrainian army for a special period began with the decree of the acting President of Ukraine Oleksandr Turchynov from March 17, 2014. In the past year in Ukraine was 3 waves of mobilization, the same plan in 2015.
1st stage of mobilization began on 20 January and will last 90 days. Within the fourth in two years, waves of mobilization is expected to employ about 52 thousand people. Only in 2015 armed forces have the opportunity to be mobilized about 104 thousand people, the total population will increase to 250 thousand soldiers. Ukrainian Authorities want using mobilized to hold the rotation of the security forces who were called in March of last year, but Also to make a military reserve.
Ukrainian law provides that called to military service has to serve for one year minus 10 days from the day of arrival to the military Commissariat. That is, if a person came to the military on 20 April to send in troops, 10 April of the following year he must already be retired to the reserve on demobilization.
a few days before the start of demobilization, the head of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko has submitted to Parliament a draft law on service in the military reserve in the special period. The document provides for the transfer of demobilized in the so-called military reserve of the country. For example stipulate that, in the special period to serve in the military reserve mandatory credited the Soldiers, immediately dismissed from military service. These reservists on their professional and moral-psychological characteristics and health status must be declared fit for service in the reserve and to answer a number of grounds. After the end of the special period these reservists may voluntarily enter into a contract for continued service in the military reserve under certain conditions.
in Ukraine in recent months there has been a sharp reduction in living standards, enterprises are closed, the hryvnia exchange rate is very volatile. Against this background, Poroshenko makes a promise that demobilized power structures are given many benefits and social security.
in the 1-St of all, the story is about the registration and issuance of certificates of participants of the so-called anti-terrorist operation (ATO). Also, the Authorities are considering a full or partial exemption of members of the special operations from the payment of municipal services, the provision of their land. In addition, it focuses on the need to resolve the repayment of financial liabilities of members of ATU. For example banking institutions are required to meet old power structures in addressing these issues, to restructure their debts. Thus demobilized law enforcement agencies will Not charge interest and penalties.
Not left unattended and return to the previous place of work of the military." This is an issue of regional administrations, and the Prosecutor's supervision, were Not violated the legitimate rights of the people, when they come back and they refuse to return to their former place of work, " Poroshenko said.
Poroshenko most emphasizes that demobilized soldiers ought to extend to active work in local government, and equally in politics." are required to access social mobility for those who decided to go into politics to policy updated, for example, during the local elections. This is a very important thing. Sure that the quality of the local policy will be greatly enhanced, " said the head.
The Ukrainian authorities have taken in April of last year in the Donbass military operation against dissatisfied with the coup of the citizens of the region. According to the final data of the UN, the victims of the conflict began more than 6 thousand people. The problem of Ukrainian settlement fall under negotiation in different formats, for example, at the meetings of the contact group in Minsk, Under the mediation of the Russian Federation and the OSCE.
The next meeting of the contact group on 12 February ended with the adoption of a package of measures on execution of the Minsk agreements, involving, for example, the ceasefire in the Donbass from February fifteen, the withdrawal of heavy weapons and the development of the security zone. Soon After informing truce in the Donbass resumed shooting, the parties blame each other in violation of a "silence" and report that conduct only return fire. Kiev is considering an appeal to the UN and the EU on the introduction in the Donbass peacekeepers.